Some people have weird eating habits and unfortunately, they don’t have control over their eating style. And people around them and even they themselves take their eating habit as a lifestyle. But actually, they’re suffering from eating disorders. Eating disorders are characterized by irregular and improper eating habits with almost a phobic mind about body shape and weight. All types of eating disorders affect people psychologically, physically, socially and proven to be life-threatening.
Most of the types of Eating disorders are generally found in teenagers, but there is no specific age range for people who might suffer from this disorder. Eating disorders vary from mild to severe. Different types of Eating disorders are complexed and don’t meet diagnostic criteria. It is very important to be concerned about your eating habits and ask yourself ” Do I have an Eating Disorder?”
Eating Disorders Recovery
Sometimes eating disorder is not detected early and symptoms of eating disorders also overlap sometimes. The chances of recovery are more when it is detected in an earlier stage. So, consult your doctor for early diagnostic and seek professional help.
How Many Types of Eating Disorders are There?
DSM-5 recognizes the following eating disorders:
- Anorexia Nervosa
- Binge Eating Disorder
- Other Specified Feeding and Eating Disorders (OSFED)
- Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID)
- Rumination Disorder
- Unspecified Feeding or Eating Disorder (UFED)
3 Most Common Types of Eating Disorders
Anorexia, Bulimia and Binge Eating Disorder
There are several factors that cause different types of eating disorders. These include genetics, brain biology, personality traits like anxious personality or depressive personality, and cultural ideals. Eating disorders have several types but the most common types of eating disorders are:
- Anorexia Nervosa
- Bulimia Nervosa
- Binge-Eating Disorder
1. Anorexia Nervosa
It is the most well known and fatal eating disorder. It generally affects young adults and women than men. People with anorexia nervosa cannot maintain appropriate body weight for height, age, and stature; resulting distorted body image. People with anorexia are repulsive for specific types of food and calories they eat. Some people do exercise compulsively or purge via vomiting and laxatives.
Its symptoms include:
- Having a low body weight and dramatic weight loss
- Skipping Meals
- Low Blood Pressure
- Extreme Fear of Gaining Weight
- Distorted Body Image
- Drink the excessive amount of water
- After every meal, visit the bathroom frequently.
People having this disorder are extremely concerned with their body weight. They take note of each and everything they eat. Sometimes they exclude sugars and calories from their meal. After eating, they vomit out because of fear of being overweight haunts them.
Sometimes they work out excessively knocking out their brain.
Their self-esteem and self-perception are connected with their weight and body shape. They see perfection in being thin. By eating and then vomiting out, they continuously harm themselves.
But it can be treated and one can adopt healthier eating habits.
2. Bulimia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa is another kind of eating disorder. People suffering from this disorder consume large portions of food in a short time and then vomiting it out to avoid weight gain. Keep it in mind, it develops during adolescence and early adulthood. It is less common among men than women.
The symptoms of Bulimia Nervosa are:
- Binge Eating/ overeating
- A feeling of lack of control on food taking
- A fear of gaining weight and extra fat despite having normal body weight
- Laxative Abuse
- Inappropriate and Irrational use of Drugs
Moreover, with the passage of time, a person becomes obsessed with these symptoms following them again and again. Bulimia also causes sore throat, swollen salivary glands, worn tooth enamel, and tooth decay. In addition, it also causes acid reflux, irritation of the gut, severe dehydration, hormonal disturbances, and in severe cases, bulimia can cause a stroke or heart attack.
3. Binge Eating Disorder
It is a severe eating disorder which includes eating huge proportions of food with uncomfortable feelings of shame and guilt. It is a newly recognized disorder. People with Binge Eating Disorder gain weight and it is the most common eating disorder in the US.
Symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder
Its symptoms can be:
- Can’t eat in public
- Eating too Fast
- Extremely Concerned about Body Weight
- Eating Alone
- Guilty Feelings
- Sudden weight changes
- Body dissatisfaction
- Excessive diet
- Social withdrawal
- Being lazy for most of the time
- Feeling cold
- Whenever they have a meal, they rush out to the bathroom
- Vomiting or using laxatives and appetite suppressants
- Exercising with a short pause each day
- Extremely sensitive to criticism about body shape, weight and eating habits
Causes of Eating Disorders
There can be different factors and causes responsible for eating disorders like social, biological and psychological factors.
Biological Causes of Eating Disorders
Many pieces of research proved that a man or a woman who has a sibling suffering from an eating disorder are more vulnerable to get it.
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter which is associated with maintaining the mood. It also helps in eating, sleeping, and digestion. But some imbalance in it related to the regular diet can affect the person and he can be a victim of an eating disorder.
The modern age is the age of advancement in every field of life. The fashion industry has flourished. And the media is playing a huge role in regard to it. What is portrayed in magazines, newspapers, dramas, and TV is the ideal romantic world.
They pretend as perfection lies in being smart and thin. People and especially women get a wrong sense of their own self. This leads to a distorted image of oneself and low self-esteem. Teenagers and young women become a victim of an eating disorder in this way.
Rage, family conflicts, trauma, obsessive thinking, and low self-esteem can be the psychological contributing factors for a person suffering from an eating disorder.
Sexual assault or harassment can lead to eating disorders in a way that makes him feel guilty about his own body along with guilt and shame. Victims think themselves to be the worst and not worthy of anything and so try to harm themselves through fatal eating habits. They often bullied by their fellows over their eating patterns.
Getting Help from for Different Types of Eating Disorders
If you have a friend suffering from an eating disorder then you should convince him to take professional help. As parents, you should look to the diet routine of your children and the fellows your children get mixed up with. You should confide in him, try to make him more hopeful about the future along with seeking help from a doctor.
Treatment of eating disorders and compulsive overeating can include help from a psychologist, nutritionist, and your friends and family.
A psychologist can use therapy. He will try to figure out your eating habits and to change them with healthy ones.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
It studies behaviors and thoughts connected with your eating disorder. It helps you to change your false and distorted eating thoughts to improve your diet.
Your nutrition can help you plan a healthy meal and can aid you by telling steps to avoid overeating and dieting.
Help from Family and Friends
You can get support from your family and friends. They can help you to follow a routine according to the diet plan. They can help you to ensure regular visits to your nutritionist or therapist. Additionally, they will help you feel better.
Medications for Eating Disorders
Medications prove to be beneficial when these are combined with therapies. Antidepressants have also been thought to be useful for eating disorders. Therefore stay patient and active during your treatment. This way you will be able to find the appropriate help and support from your doctor, family, and friends.
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